La filosofía náhuatl. Estudiada en sus fuentes

La filosofía náhuatl. Estudiada en sus fuentesFor At Least Two Millennia Before The Advent Of The Spaniards In , There Was A Flourishing Civilization In Central Mexico During That Long Span Of Time A Cultural Evolution Took Place Which Saw A High Development Of The Arts And Literature, The Formulation Of Complex Religious Doctrines, Systems Of Education, And Diverse Political And Social OrganizationThe Rich Documentation Concerning These People, Commonly Called Aztecs, Includes, In Addition To A Few Codices Written Before The Conquest, Thousands Of Folios In The Nahuatl Or Aztec Language Written By Natives After The Conquest Adapting The Latin Alphabet, Which They Had Been Taught By The Missionary Friars, To Their Native Tongue, They Recorded Poems, Chronicles, And TraditionsThe Fundamental Concepts Of Ancient Mexico Presented And Examined In This Book Have Been Taken From Than Ninety Original Aztec Documents They Concern The Origin Of The Universe And Of Life, Conjectures On The Mystery Of God, The Possibility Of Comprehending Things Beyond The Realm Of Experience, Life After Death, And The Meaning Of Education, History, And Art The Philosophy Of The Nahuatl Wise Men, Which Probably Stemmed From The Ancient Doctrines And Traditions Of The Teotihuacans And Toltecs, Quite Often Reveals Profound Intuition And In Some Instances Is Remarkably Modern This English Edition Is Not A Direct Translation Of The Original Spanish, But An Adaptation And Rewriting Of The Text For The English Speaking Reader

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  • Paperback
  • 272 pages
  • La filosofía náhuatl. Estudiada en sus fuentes
  • Miguel León-Portilla
  • English
  • 11 November 2019
  • 9780806122953

10 thoughts on “La filosofía náhuatl. Estudiada en sus fuentes

  1. says:

    Leon Portilla successfully demonstrates that there was a class of professional intellectuals in Nahua society appropriately described as philosophers the tlamatinime , and sketches in broad terms the parameters of their thought I felt, however, that this book is in effect only half of the book that should have been written, because of the way Leon Portilla undervalues Nahua theology His monotheizing reduction of the Nahua pantheon means that he removes the content of Nahua thought and leaves only the form, if that It does not seem to occur to him that theological structures can provide the basis for philosophical reflection instead, he assumes that philosophy and theology must be in opposition This is clearly a projection of philosophy s situation in the Christian and Muslim world, but Leon Portilla offers no evidence that a similar tension existed in Nahua society This inability to question his own presuppositions is a serious defect in an otherwise bold, important book.

  2. says:

    While I appreciate Le n Portilla s attempt to justify the philosophic capacities of Nahuatl wise pre European contact as well as his linguistic analyses, I was extremely put off throughout the book by his constant need to justify their philosophic abilities to that of the Greeks and his constant need to belittle the inherent philosophic natures of myths For although myths and beliefs constitute the primary attempts to solve the mysteries of the universe, true philosophic development requires conscious and formal inquiry 3 This line sets the tone for the rest of the book He equates myths to superstitions and magic contrasting them to the truth, which according to him can only be obtained through observation and experience However, he fails to grasp that the many myths are the results of thousands of years of observation, experience, as well as conscious and formal inquiry While I agree with his call to critically analyze myths, question them, and seek deeper meaning from them especially in the light of the myth making style of the Aztec empire who by their own doing were also responsible for the burning of Indigenous writings and re writing their mythological stories prior to the Spanish invasion I cannot agree with his all together dismissal of myths as mere symbolism, metaphor, and superstition Further, he claims that the masses blindly followed these myths and it was only the professional wise men, tlamatinime, who were capable of analysis to seek deeper meaning of the symbols within the myths Accordingly, to be TRUE healers HE must be not only be tlamatinime but also professional trained The FALSE healers, or sorcerers, was a quacks whose training is only in magic, witchcraft.

  3. says:

    A TOP SHELF review, originally published in The Monitor on May 2, 2013Discovering Aztec PhilosophyIn 1963 noted scholar Miguel Le n Portilla published Aztec Thought and Culture A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind, an amplification with assistance from translator Jack Emory Davis of several previous works of his, including his ground breaking doctoral thesis The thrust of Le n Portilla s research is that the Nahuas, that group of Mesoamerican peoples called Aztecs in modern times, were not simply a polytheistic, warlike culture they had developed a distinctive, refined philosophy on a level with that of the ancient Greeks.Drawing from diverse sources, including the corpus of Nahuatl poetry and the massive colonial ethnography known as the Florentine Codex, Le n Portilla demonstrates the existence of a class of philosophers in the Aztec Triple Alliance known as tlamatinimeh or sages Differently from the popular religion, in which a complex pantheon of deities controlled the natural world and human blood had to be spilled to ensure the sun s survival, these sages reduced the divine to a single dual generative force and recognized life to be ephemeral, fragile, and uncertain The vanity of humanity s efforts, argues the author, and the impossibility of knowing the truth led these wise men to conclude that human existence on earth is essentially a dream For some, that conclusion led to a hedonistic path, a lifestyle that encouraged an enjoyment of the flowers and friends of the moment For others, however, belief in that primordial creative energy suggested a purpose craftwork and artistic endeavors, none important than the development of an xtli, a face or persona that best reflected the soul And the soul, Le n Portilla proposes, was seen by the tlamatinimeh as a place for the divine to take up residence, drawn into the human heart by flower and song, a classic Nahuatl difrasismo kenning for poetry or song.Though this work is extremely important, it only scratches the surface of Nahua philosophy Le n Portilla largely ignores Nahua theology, so intent is he on demonstrating a supposed tension between the state religion and the emerging intellectual current This is because he forces parallels with Greek, Roman and Christian philosophical trends To my mind, Nahua thought closely resembles the schools of thought in Hindui philosophy that similarly moved away from a polytheistic Weltanschauung to belief in a single ground to existence, a sacred force that unfolds into multiple forms in the physical universe The root or balance of the cosmos the author sees in the Nahuatl term te tl corresponds interestingly to Brahman, and as a result, the reduction by Le n Portillo of this amorphous philosophical movement in pre Colombian Mexico to a single school of thought that embraces Omete tl, the dual god, as the source of all strikes me as premature Rather, I suspect that different schools may have considered one god or another as the most perfect mask of the divine source, perhaps embracing Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl or even Tonantzin as the supreme iteration much like Krishna , Vishnu or Shiva centered varieties of Hinduism Research into Nahua philosophy is, of course, ongoing, and I want to stress Le n Portilla s important role in promoting the field of study.

  4. says:

    Over the last couple of years, as a Pagan, I have been considering the nature of sacrifice After a series of synchronicities and an encounter with a Huichol weather worker, I began reading this upon recommendation from a friend People have criticized Le n Portilla s view as being overly romantic I found his soft, nearly poetic narrative very engaging Critics Historians have also pooh poohed some of his interpretations as being his own projections, but that, it seems to me, is the way of and the world s reaction to the mystic.It is a book I shall read many times, and I believe any Pagan interested in the subject of sacrifice and offering would find something to take away here.

  5. says:

    Must read if you are interested in the intersection of philosophy and the aztec world Great to understand the development of philosophical concepts out of the establishment of religious beliefs in developed non western societies The criticisms I have read in some reviews are, in my opinion, unfounded The comparison to the greek world is obvious and necessary when one is developing such work in the context of modern western organization and classification of knowledge I would, nevertheless, like to know if there is current archeological or documental evidence that the aztec pantheon of gods was not fully derived or developed from the duality principle represented in mete tl.

  6. says:

    This is my latest read I have to say, it s very well done Strong sourcing, thorough analysis, and a very intuitive presentation of the Nahuatl language s incredibly nuanced structure and the influence of this structure on philosophical development in Aztec and other Nahua cultures Aztec philosophy may be seen as a Venn diagram of sorts aesthetics, epistemology, and metaphysics all overlap, with the core philosophy of teotl balance at the center of the diagram What s truly fascinating is evidence of a push toward discrete philosophical contemplation of each of these themes in pre conquest culture said contemplation to be completed while maintaining balance, however It is both tragic and endlessly diverting to theorize what direction the Nahua culture might ve taken had it been allowed to continue down this path uninterrupted by steel plated usurpers.I recommend this book highly and also recommend you investigate the other works it references The materials created during or after the arrival of the invading Spanish must be taken with the proverbial grain of salt due to the cultural imperialism of both conquistadors and friars, and their unfortunate tendency to dismiss as barbaric anything outside Christendom Oh And the book contains some excellent translations of the deeply profound work of Texcoco s favorite son, Nezahualcoyotl Is it nelli rooted, true, authentic one really lives on the earth Not forever on earth, only a little while here.Though it be jade it falls apart though it be gold, it wears away though it be a quetzal feather, it is torn asunder.Not forever on this earth, only a little while here.

  7. says:

    Excellent book for grasping concepts and ideas about traditional aztec thought.

  8. says:

    I read this book for a course I took on the history of ancient mesoamerica And it Was Awesome.

  9. says:

    2016 10 Aztec Thought and Culture A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind Revised Edition Miguel Le n Portilla Author , Jack Emory Davis Translator 1990 272 Pages This was the first book suggested by my guide through Nahua thought I have mixed feelings about it It was informative but it felt claustrophobic The author makes extensive use of Nahua documents that exist and early compendiums by Bernardino de Sahag n and others He also looks for links in modern thought and practices especially in rural communities where the veneer of Catholicism seems thin He often presents the Nahua text and then parses out the translation for the meanings My concern is in the definitions of and meanings of words we know they change over time and influence His translation of Teotl as God I am uncertain Others have translated it as power or as force and multiple word variations The meaning of that word is vital because there is much difference of opinion about the nature of Nahua thought and religious expression Were they monotheists, polytheists, materialists, pantheists There is little consensus for a singular answer to that question This is a foundational text in looking beyond what the popular image of Aztec religion was this is the first real scholarly attempt to discern what were the under pinning s and origins of religious thought and philosophy among the Nahua The author is inconsistent at times in the message I am pretty sure it is when he moves away from the what the Nahua were saying and tries to explain it in accordance with a singular theory The authors seems to try and slant his explanations towards a monotheist vision of the Nahua though at time his texts seem to argue otherwise I think this is merely the author trying to grapple with a mindset and reference alien to his own upbringing and formation The patterns of thought and belief we are raised with are deeply implanted on us and accept by us as the norm even when we seemingly change through education and experience far too often those early deep imprints become our default when something happens that challenge us A good book, a foundational text flawed by the adherence to a pet theory but easily discernable to the reader.

  10. says:

    Aztec Thought and Culture provides a useful introduction to and overview of Nahuatl philosophy and its place in Aztec Mexica life just before the invasion Some reviewers have taken issue with Le n Portilla s focus on philosophy, claiming that it romanticizes Aztec life To the contrary, I found the insistence on pursuit of a Nahuatl intellectual history refreshing The authors historicize their source materials, clarify their own positionality, and offer etymological interpretations of the Nahuatl sources That s sound history That Le n Portilla chooses not to focus on the Aztecs military history is likely a response to an insistence on that aspect of Mexica life in earlier scholarship That said, there were moments throughout the text when it seemed the text offered self evident conclusions in lieu of extended interpretation or implications.

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